Bangalore International Centre had arranged a talk on “The Peace and Security Architecture of the United Nations: Context, Content and Challenges”by Dr. Kishore MandhyanonSaturday, 8th June, 2013 at 6.30 PM. Ambassador P A Nazareth chaired and moderated the talk.
Dr. Mandhyan in his talk has stated that the engagement of the United Nations on matters related to peace and security has changed since it's founding in 1945 both in scope and qualitative terms. Peacekeeping now includes mandates from prevention, peacemaking, peacebuilding to humanitarian/ human rights and early recovery tasks in missions across continents (e.g. Haiti, former Yugoslavia, Libya, Timor Leste, Iraq). These complex operations in peacekeeping, governance, security sector reform/ rule of law, and delivery of services under conditions of symmetric and assymetric conflict are being reconceptualized in the shifting role of the UN on world order and justice issues.
A number of challenges permeate the evolving role as evinced in current UN engagement in the Congo, Somalia, Mali, Syria, piracy...etc: what are the appropriate conditions for UN involvement; the relationship between mandates and resources; the question of civilian protection and use of force; should the UN engage in counter-agency; the tension between humanitarian and political space; the impact of global media, civil society, terrorism and technology on the nature of peacekeeping, the ethics of keeping the peace and the effectiveness of the UN in such actions are some aspects werediscussed in his lecture.
The Q & A session after the talk was informative and interesting.