Bangalore International Centre had arranged an Interactive Session on “The Father: Historical, Psychological and Cultural Perspectives” by Dr. Luigi Zoja, Jungian Analyst in Italy, on Wednesday, 10th Nov, 2010 at 6:30 pm. The session was moderated by Ms. Kusum Dhar Prabhu, Founding Director, The Jung Centre India, Bangalore.
Dr. Zoja started by saying that there are many books written on the mother but not on the father. Using images of the father from classical antiquity to the present day, Dr. Zoja traced the origins and evolution of the father from a Jungian perspective. He stressed that the father's role in bringing up children is a social construction that has been subject to change throughout history. He examined the consequences of this and highlighted the crisis facing fatherhood today. He covered these issues from historical, sociological and psychological points of view and outlined a psycho- historical analysis of patriarchy and the father archetype.
According to him, there is no static, universal experience of fatherhood. Rather, it requires reinvention with each generation, with each child and each father. The father is an archetypal figure, a figure which is created and maintained in culture not in biology. Unlike the roots of motherhood, fatherhood had to be invented, and then learned; it is not naturally given nor does it have an instinctual base.
Dr. Zoja also traced the history of fatherhood, the development of masculinity and the consequences of the decline of the father and of parental authority in contemporary culture.
The event was well attended by the members of Bangalore International Centre and the guests from the Jung Centre India.